Disadvantages of the national curriculum

Disadvantages of the national curriculum

Proponents of standards-based reform argue that flexibility in past reform efforts have not necessarily been shown to be successful. State tests can highlight gaps and promote pressure for improvement, and these gaps will direct the resources to the most needy schools. On a wider scale, a major advantage of standards-based reform is that standards and assessments can allow access to curriculum for all students, as well as more equitable outcomes.

However, it is generally agreed that in order to be successful, these higher standards must be aligned with reforms in testing, teacher education, improved teaching practices, and proper allocation of resources. It addresses strengths and shortcomings, and makes suggestions for improvement. Linn gives ten suggestions for improving the implementation and interpretation of standards and accountability.

The opening article addresses issues of alignment in standards-based reform efforts. It then describes the political opposition and support for the Exam, as well as the arguments for and against it. This literature review summarizes research about the policy and practice of higher content standards, gives different points of view of prominent educators and officials, and presents empirical evidence on student performance.

In the National Education Summit, state governors, education leaders, and business leaders came to a consensus that use of standards will: 1. Help all students learn more by demanding higher student proficiency and providing effective methods to help students achieve high standards; 2.

Provide parents, schools, and communities with an unprecedented opportunity to debate and reach agreement on what students should know and be able to do; 3. Focus the education system on understandable, objective, measurable, and well-defined goals to enable schools to work smarter and more productively; 4. Reinforce the best teaching and educational practices already found in classrooms and make them the norm; 5. Provide real accountability by focusing squarely on results and helping the public and local and state educators evaluate which programs work best.

State tests can highlight gaps and promote pressure for improvement, as well as demonstrate that these gaps will drive the resources to the most needy schools. On a wider scale, a major advantage of standards-based reform is that standards and assessments can allow access of curriculum for all students, as well as more equitable outcomes. In many states, such as California, attempts to implement standards-based reform are inconsistently or carelessly aligned with quality research.

The following are some of the shortcomings of standards-based reform. Recent reports on the standards-based reform movement in New York suggest that in many schools the careless implementation of standards and assessment may have negative consequences for students.

Vague and unclear standards in several subject areas in several states complicate matters and do not serve as concrete standards defining what students should know and be able to do.

Top-down standards imposed by the federal or state government are also problematic.

Advantage and Disadvantages of Curriculum/Discipline in English-Curriculum in hra.kindigitkleric.pw Notes

They impose content specifications without taking into account the different needs, opportunities to learn, and skills that may be appropriate for specific districts or regions.A s the progress of the government's academies and free schools programme continues to dominate the education agenda with a rolling programme of announcements, rather less national discussion is taking place on what could be a far greater change in our education system.

The government has delayed the implementation of its curriculum review, but the shape of what is likely to happen is beginning to emerge. The secretary of state's announcement on computer science may have been 18 months late — he has barely mentioned ICT up to now — but nevertheless, his arrival in the 21st century is welcome and the policy itself has much to commend it.

What we teach in our schools is one of the most important decisions we make as a nation. The knowledge passed on to the next generation, the skills and abilities that we think children will need when they become adults, the attitudes and values we wish to instil in them are all at the core of the curriculum and can shape our society, let alone our economy, for years. It is not unreasonable, then, to expect the government to debate the assumptions that will influence its decisions. Yet whereas Michael Gove has addressed the nation on the importance of teaching the kings and queens of England, he has been rather less expansive on some of the bigger questions.

To my mind, two issues are fundamental. First, who should control the curriculum? Second, should it be national, and so compulsory for all children, or should it offer greater flexibility to accommodate the wishes and abilities of individual children and their parents?

These are big questions and don't lend themselves to easy answers. In a democracy, it seems right that the government should shape the curriculum. Beyond that, different subjects will want to call on different resources to decide detailed curriculum content. Few would argue that universities and employers shouldn't influence what is taught in schools, or that there shouldn't be some flexibility for individual schools and teachers to make their own decisions.

disadvantages of the national curriculum

It would be unwise to deny a voice to parents or indeed some young people about what is in the curriculum, and religious leaders certainly wish to influence what is taught in the 7, faith schools. Balancing these legitimate interests isn't easy. Yet the only debate from the government about control of the curriculum has centred on the extra freedoms that will be granted to teachers in academies and free schools. It seems that the government's answer to the question 'who should control the content of the curriculum?

If it is, control rests with teachers; if not, it will presumably remain with the government. The same approach is evident in the response to the other key question — the extent to which the curriculum should be compulsory.

This has long been a difficult and contentious issue.Oftenbut not always. The homeschool parents buy a complete curriculum for all the subjects they want to teach their children — this can be either the same curriculum for all subjects or a different one for each subject — and base the education of their children on the curriculum of their choice. She can liven up the lessons by taking the children on a field trip, use hands-on activities to help them grasp concepts like e.

That way, the chosen curriculum can become a wonderful source of inspiration to both the home educating parent and the children. Once the family has decided on working with a complete curriculum, there are many curricula available to choose from.

Many of the currently available curricula are written from a Christian perspective or have at least a Christian flavor, which is fine when that is what you want, but it limits the choices for Secular homeschoolers and those of non-Christian religions quite a bit.

Advantages of the Curriculum Based Method:.

The national curriculum: why have one if it's not for everyone?

Disadvantages of the Curriculum Based Method:. Choosing a homeschool methodology that will work for your entire family is an important first step, and something that is best decided before you even start your journey in home education. Bright Hub Education. Skip to content. No nagging questions about whether or not your child is learning the right things at the right time. Ideal for families who thrive on a highly structured routine. The Curriculum Based method may be very time consuming, and put a high strain on the homeschooling parent because of all the paperwork involved.

Children may lose their natural enthusiasm for learning because the textbooks are not interesting enough and there are too many drills involved; resulting in stress for the whole family.

Pros and Cons of Standards and National Curriculums

Buying a complete curriculum can be quite pricey. Popular Pages Home. More Info. Search Here:. Keep In Touch Twitter Facebook. All rights reserved.

Privacy Policy.With the passage of the Education Reform Act ofEngland adopted the National Curriculum with the goal of providing every child access to an equal education. The National Curriculum sets forth a basic set of standards for what is to be taught in schools and allows for comparable assessments across the country. Overall, the law has remained unchanged since its adoption, but various tweaks, including the launch of the new secondary curriculum inhave allowed more flexibility for educators and more personalization of assessments Qualifications and Curriculum Authority, The National Curriculum consists of three "core" subjects—math, science, and English—with other "Foundation Subjects," including art, history, and music.

Most subjects are taught throughout each stage, with some exceptions. For example, educators are required to teach sex education in Key Stages 3 and 4 but not in Key Stage 1 or 2, and students take classes on career planning in Key Stages 3 and 4. At ages 7, 11, and 14, students are assessed through exams to see what progress they have made in their studies Qualifications and Curriculum Authority, Debate continues over the effectiveness of the National Curriculum and whether its pages should be trimmed.

The Association of Teachers and Lecturers, a U. Overall, Walker feels the curriculum is good because it gives children a "broad and balanced education," regardless of location, teachers, or socioeconomic circumstances. A: It makes standards and expectations about what children should learn clear to everyone.

It makes progress and attainment measurable and comparable on a national scale. That way, underperformance can be dealt with and success can be modeled and shared.

A: It limits freedom and creativity for teachers and students. Learning can't just go off on tangents because it's interesting—there is massive pressure especially at key points in the child's school career to cover all the material and equip the students for tests. Students are measured and tested and assessed interminably. Schools have to measure progress internally, we test nationally at various points, and there are formal qualifications to pass.

Part of this is government pressure to make schools accountable and publish their results in "league tables.

The pressure to perform in league tables is considerable and can make schools into exam factories with an overwhelmingly strong target-setting culture. A: The curriculum isn't always appropriate for all students. Students with learning difficulties sometimes have difficulty accessing areas of the curriculum which can be challenging: it is the responsibility of the teacher to differentiate and make sure that everyone can do their best.Please refresh the page and retry.

T he brainchild of former Labour prime minister Tony Blair and his education advisor, Andrew Adonis, academies were introduced through the Learning and Skills Act to boost struggling schools in deprived inner-city areas. Since then, the number of academies has grown dramatically to just under 7, Even so, academies continue to come under attack from critics.

So what are they - and what are their pros and cons? Roughly two-thirds of academies are in academy chains run by multi-academy trusts.

disadvantages of the national curriculum

A cademies fall into two main groups: sponsored academies and converter academies. S ponsored academies have sponsors such as businesses, faith communities, universities, other schools or voluntary groups, who have majority control of the academy trust. Most of these used to be under-performing schools that became academies to improve their performance.

They were introduced in July as part of the Academies Act. It is also argued that academy status makes it easier to put in place better teaching, leadership, curriculums and accountability, leading to better standards.

Academies have faced heavy criticism from some teachers, parents and politicians. They see the schools as a move towards privatisation, a waste of money, selective and damaging to existing schools around them. W hile freedom from the national curriculum can be seen as a plus, critics claim it gives free rein to religious sponsors to teach topics such as creationism over biology. Concern has also been raised over staff salaries. The directors of several academy trusts were found to be earning more than some of the UK's best-paid university vice-chancellors.

Although a number of academies have done well, several have failed to thrive. Inresearch by the Education Policy Institute found turning schools into academies doesn't automatically improve standards, with the lowest performing primary and secondary schools in academy groups.

There can be particular challenges in finding appropriate places for looked-after children. We urge you to turn off your ad blocker for The Telegraph website so that you can continue to access our quality content in the future. Visit our adblocking instructions page. So, what exactly are academies? Are there different types of academies?

What about the cons? Have academies been successful? We've noticed you're adblocking. We rely on advertising to help fund our award-winning journalism.

Thank you for your support.He was the first to formulate a comprehensive education system covering every aspect from its administration to a detailed curriculum. Plato considered health and beauty of the body and mind as necessary goals of education. Any individual who wants to be good in anything, he or she must practice that thing from early childhood Coulby,p. Aristotle went a step further to encourage development of curriculums that allow children to grow into educated states.

He roundly understood the nature of child development. He fully understood the effects of civilization processes on pupils. This revelation was very necessary in the incorporation of foreign languages in primary curriculums. Rousseau understanding of importance of first-hand experiences in learning helped in establishing new methods of learning.

He came up with the principle that a child was naturally good. According to Rousseau, childhood has its own ways of thinking, seeing and feeling. Therefore, teachers must adapt to the capacity or level of children for learning to take place. He put more emphasis on the process of learning which covered most essentials of child-centered approach to curriculum.

disadvantages of the national curriculum

Given a suitable environment, a child would develop naturally Boss,p. Learning in children is best self directed and the role of the teacher is to enable children learn. The teacher is not supposed to transmit knowledge. Rousseau also emphasized learning process to be organized for individuals and not class sized groups. He preferred isolation of a child from all others so that all areas of learning are developed by the skilled teacher.

Through a keen engineered exploitation of experiences of everyday life, the teacher should device a highly structured, orderly and disciplined curriculum. These methods made us realize importance of first-hand experiences in learning which were later referred to as topic work and discovery learning Kerry,p. It inspired educationists into pedagogical discourse especially in Germany where it contributed to the foundation of the first common schools Baker,p. It also formed the basis for further developments of primary curriculums.

He was of the opinion that education should be taken as a continuing reconstruction of experience and that the process and goal of education was one and the same thing Carl, p. His approach emphasized on scientific approach of pupils pursuing their own studies and solving problems through speculation, observation, information gathering and testing out guesses and hypotheses Kerry, The development of primary curriculums follows a tradition of integrated approaches of cross curricular, thematic and discreet, and subject-based approaches to learning.

Thematic approach is the most common and variety of terms has been used to describe thematic approaches, such terms include: project work, centre of interest and topic work Maclure,p.

Disciplines such as sciences or mathematics, are seen as abstract adult construction, the logic of which does not necessarily make sense within child psychology Boss,p. For instance, understanding the world of Mathematical concepts for young children need to be confirmed with actual objects in reality Gage,p.Sorry but this form will not work without cookies enabled.

Please adjust your browser settings to enable cookies to continue. For more information on how to do this please see our. It was first launched in and has been developing consistently since then, so is a very well-established and recognised curriculum. This is one of the only curricula which has internationally- recognised qualifications in every single subject at this age, and these are accepted by the best schools from Korea to the USA, and everywhere in between.

Because students become accustomed to examinations at this stage, they are very well-prepared for study beyond the age of 16, as they enter the International Baccalaureate IB Diploma programme — now followed by the majority of international schools worldwide — or other courses of study. IGCSE is therefore widely accepted as an excellent foundation for this next stage.

At the British School of Beijing Shunyi, they offer unique enhanced learning experiences whilst still delivering the full requirements of the ENC. Key Stage 0 is also known as the Early Years Foundation Stage, in which children undertake a well-planned programme of learning through play up to the age of 5, and gradually develop their core understanding of reading, writing, mathematics, and the other key skills required for the compulsory stages of education.

Evaluation of Advantages and Disadvantages of Approaches to Curriculum Design Essay

The ENC is well regarded because of the careful structure of this stage, which lays the foundations for future education. Key Stage 1 and 2 cover the rest of primary education to age 11, with regular assessment against international benchmarks, and laying the ground for secondary school and preparation for university and careers in the future. At Key Stage 4, where students take the IGCSE qualifications, the core of English, Mathematics and Science taught as three separate science Biology, Chemistry and Physics remains, whilst student are guided in their choice of a suite of other disciplines from the above but also adding options as wide-ranging as Economics, Psychology and Drama.

For their final years of school education, the British system is more diverse. Students may choose to follow the narrower and more focused A level programme, which is well accepted by universities, but more and more schools are now choosing the IB Diploma programme, which maintains rigour and breadth and includes components that prepare students well for the intensity of high level university study.

Universities and employers across the world recognise the British education system and hold it in high regard. The ENC also places a premium on Personal, Social, Health, and Economic Education which, alongside the framework of academic excellence, respect and good manners which typifies the system, ensures personal development is also at the heart of education.

Because of the flexibilities offered to be creative within an academically rigorous framework, and the mission of the English National Curriculum to nurture students not just academically but also morally, culturally, spiritually, aesthetically and physically, it does provide for students to achieve the goal of true 21 st century global citizens in a quite unique way.

Indeed, there are very few major cities housing international schools where a British curriculum model cannot be found. It is well worth looking into school websites to check this out because the school name may not readily provide a clue.

Tips for parents on how you can help support your child in making a successful transition from Primary to Secondary school. Skip to content. What is unique about the curriculum? How is it applied? How well does this education system prepare students for the real world? Where is it offered?


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